Update: I’m updating this from time to time, whenever new things get added. These seem to be the minimal changes to make it work.
Took me a while to get this right, this is what I changed:
Pretty much every one wants this.
I played around, setting the LANG variable to “en_US.UTF8” works, but necessary is even less:
env-update && source /etc/profile
to activate it and check with
to see if the output is like the one below.
Output of “
X server configuration
Thanks to this blog entry on Shinobu’s Secrets, I finally got this part right. (The commented lines might be necessary for someone else.)
Section "InputClass" Identifier "keyboard-all" Option "XkbLayout" "us" # Option "XkbModel" "pc105" Option "XkbVariant" "altgr-intl" # MatchIsKeyboard "on" EndSection
With the 2 changes above, you should be set. Everything below is nice-to-have.
Keymap setting in /etc/conf.d/keymaps
I leave this to “us” (default) for anything normal since X-server handles it’s own config.
You could use the “us-acentos” keymap, which has deadkeys on ‘^ and the sort, so I can type ‘”‘ and ‘q’ to get an ‘ä’ for example.
This is not as nice as in X with layout “us” variant “altgr-intl”!
The huge downside is the dead key, especially on ‘, so I only use it for emergencies.
loadkeys us-acentos and revert with
You can set this permanent in /etc/conf.d/keymaps like this:
One day I’ll compose a console keymap just like “us” variant “altgr-intl”, but don’t hold your breath ;-)
de_CH ISO-8859-1 de_CH.UTF-8 UTF-8 en_US ISO-8859-1 en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
Consolefont in /etc/conf.d/consolefont
Recommended for utf-8 is:
But imho it holds no improvement to the default “default8x16”, the default even displays a few more characters (greek alphabet).
Now if you want something nice, install the terminus-fonts:
emerge -avt media-fonts/terminus-font
and set this to /etc/conf.d/consolefont:
It seems to display the same set of characters as “lat9w-16” (less greek symbols then default) but it just looks better.
If you change it, also check if consolefont is started with the system:
rc-update -v show | grep consolefontn
If it is not in any run-level, execute:
rc-update add consolefont boot
Terminal emulator in X (rxvt-unicode)
The terminus font is defined in ~/.Xdefaults with:
! global font *font: xft:terminus *boldFont: xft:terminus ! rxvt-unicode font urxvt*font: xft:terminus:pixelsize=16 urxvt*boldFont: xft:terminus:pixelsize=16
Easy Configuration In Gnome
When I used Gnome, the keymap was in:
System/Preferences/Keyboard/Layouts : English (US) English (international AltGr dead keys)
It must be at top to be active.